Copyright © 2011 by Robert K. Massie
Maps copyright © 2011 by David Lindroth, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Published in the United States by Random House, an imprint of The Random House Publishing Group, a division of Random House, Inc., New York.
RANDOM HOUSE and colophon are registered trademarks of Random House, Inc.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA
Massie, Robert K.
Catherine the Great : portrait of a woman / by Robert K. Massie.
1. Catherine II, Empress of Russia, 1729–1796. 2. Empresses—Russia—Biography.
3. Russia—Kings and rulers— Biography. 4. Russia—History—Catherine II,
1762–1796. I. Title.
DK170.M34 2011 2011015279
Jacket design: The Book Designers
Jacket painting: Alexei Petrovich Antropov, portrait of Grand Duchess Ekaterina Alekseyevna (the future Catherine the Great) (detail) (Bridgeman Art Library International)
—The Earl of Buckinghamshire,
British ambassador to Russia, 1762–65
1 Sophia’s Childhood
2 Summoned to Russia
3 Frederick II and the Journey to Russia
4 Empress Elizabeth
5 The Making of a Grand Duke
6 Meeting Elizabeth and Peter
8 Intercepted Letters
9 Conversion and Betrothal
10 A Pilgrimage to Kiev and Transvestite Balls
13 Johanna Goes Home
14 The Zhukova Affair
16 A Watchdog
17 “He Was Not a King”
18 In the Bedroom
19 A House Collapses
20 Summer Pleasures