I can state on my own knowledge that the Lacedaemonian cavalry only began to be famous[4] with the introduction of foreign troopers; and in the other states of Hellas everywhere the foreign brigades stand in high esteem, as I perceive. Need, in fact, contributes greatly to enthusiasm. Towards the necessary cost of the horses I hold that an ample fund will be provided,[5] partly out of the pockets of those who are only too glad to escape cavalry service (in other words, those on whom the service devolves prefer to pay a sum of money down and be quit of the duty),[6] and from wealthy men who are physically incompetent; and I do not see why orphans possessed of large estates should not contribute.[7] Another belief I hold is that amongst our resident aliens[8] there are some who will show a laudable ambition if incorporated with the cavalry. I argue from the fact, apparent to myself, that amongst this class persons are to be found most zealously disposed to carry out the part assigned to them, in every other branch of honourable service which the citizens may choose to share with them. Again, it strikes me that if you seek for an energetic infantry to support your cavalry, you will find it in a corps composed of individuals whose hatred to the foe is naturally intense.[9] But the success of the above suggestions will depend doubtless on the consenting will of Heaven.[10]

[4] 'Entered on an era of prestige with the incorporation of,' after

Leuctra, 371 B.C., when the force was at its worst. See 'Hell.'

VI. iv. 10.

[5] Or, 'money will be forthcoming for them.' Cf. Lys. 'Against

Philon,' xxxi. 15; Martin, op. cit. 319.

[6] Cf. 'Hell.' III. iv. 15; 'Ages.' i. 23. Courier brackets this

sentence [{oti . . . ippeuein}] as a gloss; Martin, p. 323,


[7] As to the legal exemption of orphans Schneid. cf. Dem. 'Symm.'

182. 15; Lys. 'Against Diogeit.' 24.

[8] Lit. 'metoecs.' See 'Revenues,' ii.

[9] Lit. 'men the most antagonistic to the enemy.' Is the author

thinking of Boeotian emigres? Cf. 'Hell.' VI. iii. 1, 5; Diod. xv.

46. 6.

[10] Lit. 'with the consenting will of the gods these things all may

come to pass.'

And now if the repetition of the phrase throughout this treatise 'act with God,' surprises any one, he may take my word for it that with the daily or hourly occurrence of perils which must betide him, his wonderment will diminish; as also with the clearer recognition of the fact that in time of war the antagonists are full of designs against each other, but the precise issue of these plots and counterplots is rarely known. To what counsellor, then, can a man apply for advice in his extremity save only to the gods, who know all things and forewarn whomsoever they will by victims or by omens, by voice or vision? Is it not rational to suppose that they will prefer to help in their need, not those who only seek them in time of momentary stress and trouble, but those rather who in the halcyon days of their prosperity make a practice of rendering to Heaven the service of heart and soul?

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